• Næss, M. W. (2021). Collaborative foundations of herding: The formation of cooperative groups among Tibetan pastoralists. Journal of Arid Environments 186:104407. Doi:
  • Næss, M. W. (2020). Cultural Group Selection and the Evolution of Reindeer Herding in Norway. Human Ecology 48(3):279-291. Doi:
  • Kelman, I. & Næss, M. W. (2019). Climate Change and Migration for Scandinavian Saami: An Overview of Possible Impacts. Climate. 7(47):14.
  • Juan, D., Thomas, M. G., Bårdsen, B.-J., Mace, R. & Næss, M. W. (2019). Comparison of social complexity in two independent pastoralist societies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 73(1):4.
  • Thomas, M. G., Bårdsen, B.-J. Næss, M. W. (2018). The narrow gap between norms and cooperative behaviour in a reindeer herding community. Royal Society Open Science 5(2).
  • Næss, M. W. (2017). Reindeer herding in a changing world—a comparative analysis. In Kelman, I. (ed.) Arcticness and change: Power and voice from the north, UCL Press, London, U.K, pp. 59-75.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., Næss, M. W., Singh, N. J. & Åhman, B. (2017). The pursuit of population collapses – long term dynamics of semi-domestic reindeer in Sweden. Human Ecology 45(2):161-175. 10.1007/s10745-016-9880-3.
  • Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J. (2016). Why do Tibetan pastoralists hunt? Land Use Policy 54:116-128.
  • Thomas M.G., Næss M.W, Bårdsen, B-J. and Mace, R. (2016): Smaller Saami Herding Groups Cooperate More in a Public Goods Experiment. Human Ecology 44(5):633–642.
  • Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J. (2015). Market economy vs. risk management: how do nomadic pastoralists respond to increasing meat prices? Human Ecology 43(3):425-438.
  • Thomas, M., Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J. & Mace, R. (2015). Saami reindeer herders cooperate with social group members and genetic kin. Behavioral Ecology 26(6):1495-1501.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., Næss, M. W., Tveraa, T., Fauchald, P. & Langeland, K. (2014). Risk sensitive reproductive allocation: fitness consequences of body mass losses in two contrasting environments. Ecology and Evolution 4(7):1030–1038.
  • Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J. (2013). Why Herd Size Matters – Mitigating the Effects of Livestock Crashes. PLoS ONE 8(8): e70161.
  • Næss, M. W. (2013). Climate Change, Risk Management and the End of Nomadic Pastoralism. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 20(2):123-133.
  • Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J. & Tveraa, T. (2012). Wealth dependent and interdependent strategies in the Saami reindeer husbandry, Norway. Evolution and Human Behavior 33(6): 696-707.
  • Næss, M. W. (2012). Cooperative pastoral production – reconceptualizing the relationship between pastoral labor and production. American Anthropologist 114(2):309-321.
  • Næss, M. W. (2012). Tibetan Nomads Facing an Uncertain Future: Impacts of Climate Change on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, in Lamadrid, A & Kelman, I. (eds.), Climate Change Modeling for Local Adaptation in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, Volume 11, pp. 99-122. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  • Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J., Pedersen, E. and Tveraaa, T. (2011). Pastoral herding strategies and governmental management objectives: predation compensation as a risk buffering strategy in the Saami reindeer husbandry. Human Ecology 39(4):489-508.
  • Næss, M. W. (2010). Contradictory Evidence as a Guide for Future Research – Investigating the Relationship between Pastoral Labour and Production. Nomadic Peoples 14(1):51-71. .
  • Næss, M. W., Bårdsen, B.-J., Fauchald, P., & Tveraa, T. (2010). Cooperative pastoral production – the importance of kinship. Evolution and Human Behavior 31(4):246-258.
  • Næss, M. W., and Bårdsen, B.-J. (2010). Environmental stochasticity and long-term livestock viability – herd-accumulation as a risk reducing strategy. Human Ecology 38(1):3-17.
  • Næss, M. W., Fauchald, P., and Tveraa, T. (2009). Scale dependency and the “marginal” value of labor. Human Ecology 37(2):193-211.


  • Næss, M. W., G. L. H Fisktjønmo, and B.-J Bårdsen. (2020). The Saami cooperative herding group: the siida system from past to present. SocArXiv, 19 June 2020. Doi:
  • Næss, M. W. (2020). Collaborative foundations of herding: the formation of cooperative groups among Tibetan pastoralists. SocArXiv, 14 May 2020. Doi:
  • Næss, M. W. (2019). From hunter-gatherers to nomadic pastoralists: forager bands do not tell the whole story of the evolution of human cooperation. SocArXiv, 29. Nov. 2019. Doi:
  • Næss, M. W. (2019). Cultural group selection and the evolution of reindeer herding in Norway. SocArXiv, 11. Nov. 2019. Doi:
  • Næss, M. W. (2018). Adapting to a Market Economy: Short-term Benefits and Long-term Costs of Cashmere Wool Production in the Aru Basin, Tibet. SocArXiv. Doi:

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